A collection of items necessary to survive in the aftermath of a disaster
An earthquake hits. A category 5 hurricane leaves a coastal city demolished. An ice storm takes down trees and power lines. After a disaster occurs, your primary focus should be to first, assess the situation and second, move to a safe location if necessary. Next comes securing food and potable water for you and your dependents. Obtaining an adequate supply of food and water in a crisis situation could be at best difficult and at worst impossible unless you already have a supply of food specifically set aside for an emergency. Most grocery stores operate on a “just in time” method of inventory control. On any given day, a typical grocery store will inventory a supply of stock to last approximately three days; however, increased demand can render this three-day stock insufficient. You only have to experience the rush on a grocery store when a snow storm is approaching to know that a three-day supply can disappear in hours.
The key to ensuring you and your loved ones have an adequate supply of life-saving food and water is to prepare BEFORE anything happens. FEMA and Red Cross recommend at the very least to have a 72-hour supply of food and water stored away for each family member. There are numerous types of emergency foods on the market which can make the task of building an emergency food supply complicated and time-consuming. To simplify this task, we recommend you begin building your food supply with high-calorie, vitamin enriched food bars such as the ER 2400 Calorie food bar. The ER Food Bar was formulated to contain 72-hours’ worth of calories and nutrition in one compact package that can be safely stored for up to 5 years. 3600 calorie food bars are available for those with higher calorie needs. These bars are a convenient addition to bug-out bags and home, office or classroom survival supplies.
You can supplement the ER Food Bar with additional non-perishable food items as needed such as canned goods and preserved meats, but be mindful of expiration dates. According to the USDA, canned goods do not necessarily spoil due to the commercial method of preserving food but they will lose nutritional value. Low-acid containing canned food such as fruits and tomatoes should be consumed within 24 months for optimal taste and quality. Low-acid canned goods such as meats and vegetables should be consumed within 2 – 5 years depending on the storage conditions. Although studies have been conducted that show canned goods could potentially last for much longer than these guidelines, it is a good practice to rotate your survival goods and throw any cans away that are dented or rusted. Consider adding Meals Ready to Eat (MREs) to your survival supply. Depending on the storage conditions, their shelf life can vary but MREs offer a diverse selection of food choices. According to studies conducted by the U.S. Army Natick Laboratory, shelf-life on MREs can range from 18 months to 84 months depending on the temperatures at which they are stored. Higher temperatures reduce the shelf-life while stable, lower temperatures extend shelf-lives. For longer term survival, freeze-dried goods are available with shelf-lives ranging from 10 – 25+ years. Be cognizant that many freeze-dried foods require water to rehydrate them. Take into consideration this possibility when planning your emergency water supply.
The most fundamental need for human survival is fresh water. Depending on the severity of the disaster, your home could be without potable water for several days or more. Stores may be stripped of bottled water leaving you completely dependent on your emergency supplies. An emergency water supply should contain 72-hours of water per person in the household. This equates to about 1 gallon per person. ER Water Pouches are a cost-effective and dependable solution for drinking water in an emergency. Each Tyvek pouch is hermetically sealed to maintain the water’s freshness for up to 5 years. Six pouches of ER water are all you need to keep a healthy person adequately hydrated for 72-hours. These pouches are easily stored indoors or outdoors in a bug-out bag or home survival kit and are a practical solution for drinking water. Keep in mind store-bought water bottles have a limited shelf life especially when stored in an area that experiences wide temperature fluctuations. On the website www.ready.gov/water, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security recommends bottled water be consumed by its “use by date” which can range from 6 months to a year. As with canned goods, these guidelines are subjective but exercise caution and periodically replenish your emergency water.
When faced with an emergency situation, drinking water is primary in importance, but you also need to consider a clean supply of water that can be used for cooking and cleaning. For that reason, FEMA and the Red Cross recommend 1 gallon/person of water be stored for each person. Consider keeping a 55-gallon drum of treated water outside your home or inside your garage or basement. The water barrel sold on QK.com is specifically designed to block harmful UV rays from penetrating the barrel thus ensuring the safe storage of water both indoors and outdoors. One bottle of Water Preserver Concentrate will treat 55-gallons of water for 5 years. After 5 years, simply empty the water out of the barrel, fill it up with fresh water and retreat it to last another 5 years.
Disasters can happen anywhere at any time. Don’t fall under the misconception that your area is immune to an emergency. You will never regret being prepared for a disaster, but you will regret not preparing for one. If your survival food and water are nearing their expiration dates, move it to your pantry and consume it. Donate the ER bars to your local food pantry or homeless shelter and freeze the ER pouches to use as ice packs. There is no need to waste money. Just remember to replenish your survival supply. Need advice on what you need to prepare your family? Call us at 800-277-3727.
Posted in disaster, Earthquake Preparedness, emergency, Emergency Preparedness, Extreme Weather, Flood Preparedness, Preparedness Tips, survival food bars, Survival Kits
Tagged disaster preparedness, emergency food, food rations, survival food
March through August is tornado season in the United States, where some 1,000 tornadoes hit every year. Be prepared. Tornadoes are more powerful than any other storm: They can toss freight trains like toys and throw your house down the block.
If you live in one of the top ten tornado states identified in order below, be smart and prepare yourself and your family for unexpected disaster:
- Florida is hit by more tornadoes than any other state in the U.S. and, also, also by more severe thunderstorms than any state.
- Oklahoma is the heart of what meteorologists call Tornado Alley. Its weather patterns often make warm and cool air collide — ideal for creating tornadoes and damaging thunderstorms.
- Kansas is where a mammoth twister whisked Dorothy and her little dog Toto to Oz, but it’s also where thousands of people are caught unprepared for damaging storms every year.
- Iowa was clobbered by 28 tornadoes in 2013 and averages of about 50 damaging thunderstorms every year.
- Illinois experienced one of its deadliest years on record for tornadoes in 2013. Storms generated widespread flooding and cut power in more than 160,000 homes and businesses.
- Indiana ranks second in the nation for the costs of tornado damage, sixth for the number of deaths and seventh for the number of personal injuries.
- Mississippi averages 29 tornadoes per year, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Its coastal regions are hit by devastating hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico.
- Maryland ranks in the Tornado Top Ten because of its mid-south and Atlantic Ocean weather patterns generate many twisters and serious thunderstorms.
- Louisiana ranks second in the U.S. for the most thunderstorms annually and as a result, and averages 37 tornadoes per year.
- Texas averages 155 tornadoes per year – the most of any state — but its land mass is so large it ranks 10th in the U.S. per tornadoes every 10,000 square miles.
Posted in climate change, disaster, emergency, Emergency Preparedness, Extreme Weather, extreme weather, homes, Tornadoes
Tagged NOAA, severe weather, tornado preparedness, tornado safety, Tornadoes
Survival food is available is a wide variety of forms. For one person it may simply be stockpiling extra groceries. For another it may be buying cases of freeze dried food. But what happens if you are stranded in your vehicle or get lost hiking? What happens if you are out in your boat and can’t get back in? Those stockpiles of food won’t help you much.
What makes the ideal survival food?
A perfect survival food should meet these 5 criteria:
1. It should provide plenty of calories – The average adult needs around 2000 calories per day, give or take depending on age, gender and activity level. However, according to the U.S. Army Survival Handbook, 600 to 1000 calories per day are enough to survive with a minimal activity level. This level of calories will force your body to use its stores to keep you alive, which may not be a bad thing if you have a little extra around the middle.
2. It should provide maximum nutrition – Even if you have plenty of calories, 2000 calories of candy isn’t going to help you as much as 2000 calories of nutritious food. Your body needs certain nutrients to function properly. Deprive it of what it needs and you could have real problems.
3. It should be compact, easy to carry and ready to eat – If you are going backpacking or boating, you aren’t going to want to carry around cans or pouches of food, water to hydrate it and a way to cook it. You want something you can just throw in your gear bag and have it when you need it.
4. It should have a long shelf life – Ideally, you will want to keep emergency survival food in your car, on your boat or in your backpack. You don’t want to check it every couple of weeks to make sure it hasn’t spoiled.
5. It should taste good – Seriously, if your life depends on it, you may be willing to eat anything you have to in order to survive. But wouldn’t you prefer to have something you actually like?
This may seem like a tall order, but really it isn’t. ER Bars are the perfect survival food because each pouch gives you a 3-day ration of food that gives you enough calories to survive. It is easy to carry anywhere and is good for 5 years, even if stored in extreme temperatures (like in your car), so you don’t have to keep replacing it every few months.
ER Bars are nutrient dense so your body will get what it needs while you ride out the emergency. They actually taste good and it won’t make you thirsty. (Of course, you should also have some emergency water on hand – you can’t live without water.) And they are affordable, so it is easy to get a supply to keep everywhere – car, backpack, home, office, etc.
ER Bars are approved by the U.S. Coast Guard, so you can feel confident with your purchase.
Water is a vital survival resource. Without water, you cannot live. Period.
Here are a few interesting facts about water:
- The human body is about 70% water.
- The average person in the US uses 80 to 100 gallons of water a day, much of which is used to flush toilets.
- About 85% of US residents get their water from public water facilities; 15% supply their own water.
- By the time you feel thirsty, you have already lost more than 1% of the total water in your body.
- A healthy person can drink about 3 gallons of water per day.
You can see how vital water truly is for human life. This is why it is important to make sure you have an adequate water supply for you and your family during a disaster. Making sure each person has a three-day supply in their emergency bag is only a start. To be truly prepared, you should make sure you have plenty of water stored for the long-term.
One way to do this is to stock up on jugs of water from the grocery store. This water, however, has a limited shelf life. You will need to constantly keep it rotated because bottled water typically only has a shelf life of 6 months or so, depending on how it is stored.
A better option is to prepare water to be stored for long-term storage. Ideally, you will use 55-gallon barrels, but make sure these barrels are safe to store water in. Often you can find free barrels, but they have probably been used to store chemicals. Even if you wash them out, they are not safe for water storage.
Instead, get barrels designed specifically for water storage. These barrels are designed to block UV rays to prevent algae growth.
Before you seal your filled water barrel for storage, make sure the water is treated with Water Preserver. When added to your barrel of water, Water Preserver is guaranteed to keep your water storage ready to use for five years, and kills bacteria, viruses, fungus, and mold.
Make sure you have these important water storage tools for your preparedness plan.
photo credit: A6U571N via photopin cc
Imagine you have just experienced a hurricane. The power is out. Gas lines are broken. The water supply is shut down. You have enough water to last a couple of days, but it will take far longer for the grid to be functional again.
The area is flooded and that flood water is a soup of filth, contaminated with oil, sewage, various chemicals and industrial waste, insect larvae and decaying matter.
A person in good condition can survive about a week without water. A person injured in a natural disaster may not have quite as long. Add in excessive heat, and your odds decrease even more.
What do you do when you are surrounded by water that you cannot drink? You purify it
First, filter out the large debris by pouring water through a cloth. Then purify it with water purification tablets.
Water purification tablets work by releasing diatomic iodine and HIO into contaminated water and disinfecting it. About 30 minutes after dissolving two tablets into a quart of water, it is safe to drink.
Water purification tablets are affordable and portable. They are a must have item for every disaster and emergency kit. Stored in a cool, dry location, tablets are good for as long as four years. Once opened, the bottle should be used within a year.
If you aren’t sure about the safety or effectiveness of water purification tablets, consider this: they were developed by the U.S. Military during WWII and they are still in use today. If the military feels confident enough to use them, you should feel safe about using them, too.
It is a good idea to filter contaminated water first, before using the tablets. They are effective against bacteria, viruses, and many cysts such as giardia lamblia, but not effective against cryptosporidium cysts. Cryptosporidium can be removed through other filtration tools.
photo credit: eagle102.net via photopin cc